Tag Archives: Life

The Different Kinds of Spirits in the Old Testament

Spirits Associated with God

Unknown Spirit (Mostly associated with the Holy Spirit)

  • Ezekiel 1:12, 3:12, 3:14, 8:3, 11:1, 43:5

Holy Spirit

  • Isaiah 63:11; Zechariah 4:6, 7:12

Spirit of God

  • Genesis 1:2, 41:38; Numbers 24:2, 27:18; 1 Samuel 10:10, 11:6, 19:20, 19:23; 2 Chronicles 15:1; Ezekiel 11:24; Haggai 2:5
  • Malachi 2:15 (Spirit of God in Humanly Marriage — “Did he not make them one, with a portion of the Spirit in their union?”)

Spirit of God (Breath of God / Spirit of Understanding)

  • Job 27:3, 32:3, 33:4
  • Proverbs 20:27 (“The spirit of man (or breath of man) is the lamp of the LORD, searching all his innermost parts.”)
  • Ecclesiastes 11:5 (“As you do not know the way the spirit comes to the bones in the womb of a woman with child, so you do not know the work of God who makes everything.”)
  • Isaiah 11:2 (“And the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.”)
  • Daniel 4:8-9, 4:18, 5:11, 5:14 (“Spirit of the holy gods” — in this context, “holy gods” referred to “God”)

Spirit of The Lord

  • Judges 3:10, 6:34, 11:29, 13:25, 14:6, 14:19, 15:14; 1 Samuel 10:6, 16:13-14; 2 Samuel 23:2; 1 Kings 18:12, 22:24; 2 Chronicles 20:14; Isaiah 61:1, 63:14; Ezekiel 11:5, 37:1; Micah 3:8

Clothing of the Spirit

  • 1 Chronicles 12:18 (Clothing of the Spirit on Amasai, chief of the thirty)
  • 2 Chronicles 24:20 (Clothing of the Spirit on Zechariah the priest)

Spirits Associated with Angelic Beings

Unknown Unseen Being

  • Job 4:15 (“A spirit glided past my face; the hair of my flesh stood up.”)
  • Job 20:13 (“I hear censure that insults me, and out of my understanding a spirit answers me.”)

Spirits of Non-earthly creatures

  • Ezekiel 1:20-21, 10:17 (spirit of the living creatures)

Spirits Associated with the Individual

Spirit of an Individual

  • Genesis 41:8 (Pharaoh)
  • Genesis 45:27 (Jacob)
  • Numbers 11:17, 11:25 (Moses) – Transfer of Spirit from one person to another.
  • Deuteronomy 2:30 (Sihon, King of Heshbon)
  • 2 Samuel 13:39 (Spirit of the King David)
  • 2 Kings 2:9, 2:15 (Transfer of Spirit from Elijah to Elisha)
  • 1 Chronicles 5:26 (Spirit of the two Kings of Assyria,  Pul and Tiglath-pileser)
  • 2 Chronicles 36:22; Ezra 1:1 (Spirit of Cyrus, King of Persia)
  • Job 6:4, 7:11, 15:13,  (Spirit of Job)
  • Jeremiah 51:11 (Spirit of the Kings of Medes)Haggai 1:14 (Spirit of Zerubbabel)

Spirit as Soul

  • Ecclesiastes 3:21 (“Who knows whether the spirit of man goes upward and the spirit of the beast goes down into the earth?”)
  • Ecclesiastes 8:8 (“No man has power to retain the spirit, or power over the day of death. There is no discharge from war, nor will wickedness deliver those who are given to it.”)
  • Isaiah 26:9 (“My soul yearns for you in the night; my spirit within me earnestly seeks you. For when your judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world learn righteousness.”)
  • Daniel 2:1 (“Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; his spirit was troubled”)
  • Daniel 7:15 (“As for me, Daniel, my spirit within me was anxious, and the visions of my head alarmed me.”)

Spirit as a form of Thought

  • Malachi 2:16 (“So guard yourselves in your spirit, and do not be faithless.”)

Consciousness (“Spirit within me”)

  • Job 32:18
  • Proverbs 16:2 (“All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes, but the LORD weighs the spirit.”)

Character

  • Ecclesiastes 7:8 (“Better is the end of a thing than its beginning, and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.”)

Spirit as Emotions

  • Ecclesiastes 7:9 (“Be not quick in your spirit to become angry, for anger lodges in the heart of fools.”)
  • Isaiah 61:3 (“the garment of praise instead of a faint spirit;”)

Spirits Associated with a Nation

Collective Spirit

  • Exodus 6:9 (Israelites’ Broken Spirit)
  • Exodus 35:21 (Collective Spirit of Philanthropy)
  • Numbers 16:22, 27:16 (Spirits of all flesh)
  • Isaiah 54:6 (“For the LORD has called you like a wife deserted and grieved in spirit, like a wife of youth when she is cast off, says your God.”)

Spirit of a Country

  • Isaiah 19:3 (“and the spirit of the Egyptians within them will be emptied out, and I will confound their counsel; and they will inquire of the idols and the sorcerers, and the mediums and the necromancers;”)

Spirits Associated with Skills

Spirit of Talent

  • Exodus 28:3 (Spirit of Skill)
  • Exodus 31:3 (Spirit of God with ability and intelligence, with knowledge and all craftsmanship).

Spirit of Wisdom

  • Deuteronomy 34:9 (after Moses laid hands on Joshua)

Spirit Associated with Life

Spirit as Life

  • Joshua 2:11, 5:1 (their spirit departed from people)
  • Judges 15:19 (“And when he drank, his spirit returned, and he revived.”)
  • 1 Samuel 30:12 (“And when he had eaten, his spirit revived”)
  • Psalms 104:30 (“When you send forth your Spirit, they are created, and you renew the face of the ground.”)
  • Proverbs 15:13 (“A glad heart makes a cheerful face, but by sorrow of heart the spirit is crushed.”)
  • Isaiah 38:16 (“O Lord, by these things men live, and in all these is the life of my spirit. Oh restore me to health and make me live!”)
  • Isaiah 57:16 (“For I will not contend forever, nor will I always be angry; for the spirit would grow faint before me, and the breath of life that I made.”)
  • Ezekiel 21:7 (“every spirit will faint”)
  • Zechariah 12:1 (“formed the spirit of man within him:”)

Positive Spirits

Spirit as Happiness

  • Proverbs 15:4 (”A gentle tongue is a tree of life, but perverseness in it breaks the spirit.”)

Willing Spirit

  • Psalms 51:12 (“Restore to me the joy of your salvation, and uphold me with a willing spirit.”)

Steadfast Spirit (A Right Spirit)

  • Psalms 51:10

Broken Spirit

  • Psalms 51:17 (“The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.”)

Spirit of Humility

  • Proverbs 16:19 (“It is better to be of a lowly spirit with the poor than to divide the spoil with the proud.”)
  • Isaiah 57:15

Spirit of Grace

  • Zechariah 12:10 (“And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and pleas for mercy”)

Cool Spirit 😎

  • Proverbs 17:27 (“Whoever restrains his words has knowledge, and he who has a cool spirit is a man of understanding.”)

Spirit of Justice

  • Isaiah 28:6 (“and a spirit of justice to him who sits in judgment, and strength to those who turn back the battle at the gate.”)

Spirit of the Resurrected Beings

New Spirits (Mostly associated with new life / resurrected life)

  • Ezekiel 11:19 (“And I will give them one heart, and a new spirit I will put within them. I will remove the heart of stone from their flesh and give them a heart of flesh”)
  • Ezekiel 18:31 (“Cast away from you all the transgressions that you have committed, and make yourselves a new heart and a new spirit! Why will you die, O house of Israel?”)
  • Ezekiel 36:26 (“And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.”)

Negative Spirits

Spirit of Whoredom

  • Hosea 4:12, 5:4

Spirit of Uncleanness

  • Zechariah 13:2 (“And also I will remove from the land the prophets and the spirit of uncleanness.”)

Spirit of a Destroyer

  • Jeremiah 51:1 (“Thus says the LORD: “Behold, I will stir up the spirit of a destroyer against Babylon, against the inhabitants of Leb-kamai,”)

Spirit of Confusion

  • Isaiah 19:14 (“The LORD has mingled within her a spirit of confusion, and they will make Egypt stagger in all its deeds, as a drunken man staggers in his vomit.”)

Spirit of Judgement and Burning

  • Isaiah 4:4 (“when the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion and cleansed the bloodstains of Jerusalem from its midst by a spirit of judgment and by a spirit of burning.”)

Evil Spirit

  • Judges 9:23 (“God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the leaders of Shechem”)

Spirit of Lies (Lying Spirit)

  • 1 Kings 22:22-23; 2 Chronicles 18:21-22

Harmful Spirit

  • 1 Samuel 16:14 (Harmful spirit of torment from the Lord)

Spirit of Jealousy

  • Numbers 5:14, 5:30

Spirit of Princes

  • Psalms 76:12 (“who cuts off the spirit of princes, who is to be feared by the kings of the earth.“)

Spirit of Sleep

  • Isaiah 29:10 (Spiritual Sleep — “For the LORD has poured out upon you a spirit of deep sleep, and has closed your eyes (the prophets), and covered your heads (the seers).”)

Destruction of a Spirit

Breaking of a Spirit

  • Isaiah 65:14 (“behold, my servants shall sing for gladness of heart, but you shall cry out for pain of heart and shall wail for breaking of spirit.”)
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